Product Profiles: Lonza Inc.

ResistAid™ —Strengthen Your Defenses

ResistAid™ is a proprietary natural immune support ingredient manufactured by the Swiss life-science company Lonza. It is produced via a patented water-based extraction process (US 5756098, EP 866808 and other patents) from larch trees that grow in abundance in the United States. ResistAid™ consists of the soluble polysaccharide arabinogalactan and bioactive polyphenolic flavonoids, and thus has antioxidant capacity. ResistAid™ is formulated to deliver triple action immune benefits year round. ResistAid™ supports both the innate and adaptive immune responses as well as gastrointestinal health. Clinical study results indicate that ResistAid™ has the ability to modulate and support both arms of the immune system and provide benefit from antioxidant capacity.

Products displaying the ResistAid™ quality seal on the packaging show the consumer that they contain the natural immune support ingredient from Lonza.

Health Benefits of ResistAid™
The immune system is a highly complex and interrelated system that has two pathways to address foreign substances. The innate arm of the immune system is non-specific and targets anything that is viewed as foreign to the body whereas the adaptive system targets specific foreign substances. Both immune arms work together to protect the body against foreign substances.

Clinical study results indicate that larch arabinogalactan has the ability to modulate and support the two arms of the immune system in a positive manner through direct and indirect pathways within the gastrointestinal tract, so that the components of the different arms are optimized and appropriately respond when challenged by a foreign substance. The mechanisms of this effect have been investigated and seem to include not only the effects of lactic acid-producing bacteria and bacterial constituents on immune cells, the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and binding to SCFA receptors on leucocytes, but also direct effects on components of the immune system.

Specifically, the activity of natural killer cells, cytokines and macrophages may be supported by larch arabinogalactan supplementation. In addition, ResistAid™ has antioxidant capacity which can be related to its content of polyphenolic compounds.

Natural Immune Function Support
ResistAid™ supports natural immune function by increasing beneficial immune cell populations and/or increasing antibody production based on the immune stressor. ResistAid™ has the ability to support and strengthen the appropriate immune response based on the immune stressor.

Support of Innate Immune Response
Support of natural killer cells. Natural killer cells (NK cells) are a type of cytotoxic lymphocyte which constitute a major component of the innate immune system. NK cell activity is a functional marker for health. In mice, i.p. administration of arabinogalactan from larch during a two-week period has been found to stimulate NK cell activity. Pre-treatment of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells with larch arabinogalactan has shown enhancement of NK cytotoxicity, which was found to be governed by the cytokine network.

Support of cytokines. Larch arabinogalactan can act as an inducer of the production and/or the release of various cytokines. In cell culture, larch arabinogalactan induced an increased release of interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). It was found that the IFN-gamma was most responsible for the observed enhancement of NK cytotoxicity.

Support of macrophages. Macrophages are important in the body’s defenses. They originate from specific white blood cells called monocytes. Monocytes and macrophages are phagocytes, meaning they destroy harmful organisms. Larch arabinogalactan administered to healthy human subjects in combination with a standardized Echinacea extract was found to significantly increase human circulating peripheral blood monocytes (PBMC). As shown in in vitro studies, arabinogalactan from various sources can also activate macrophages.

Support of white blood cells. Research has shown that supplementation with larch arabinogalactan can increase total white blood cell counts, mostly by increasing the neutrophil concentration.

Support of Adaptive Immune Response
Research shows that the immune benefits of ResistAid™ additionally include the adaptive immune response, a response to specific antigens. The studies were designed to test the hypothesis that ingestion of ResistAid™ would selectively enhance the antibody response to a vaccine in healthy adults. Vaccination studies of this type serve as a model to study the effect of dietary supplements on the overall immune function.

The first vaccination study showed that ResistAid™ may have an immunomodulatory effect, meaning it supports the appropriate response to an antigen without indiscriminately enhancing other arms of the immune system that would not be expected to respond.

A second vaccination study was carried out with the tetanus vaccine. In this study, 75 healthy adult volunteers were randomized to receive either 1.5 or 4.5 grams of ResistAid™ or placebo for 60 days. After the first 30 days of supplementation, the Tetanus vaccine was administered. Participants were then monitored until the end of the supplementation period. At day 45, or 15 days after the vaccine was given
Tetanus IgG levels in both ResistAid™ dosage levels rose significantly. This finding was also true at the end of the study. Results of this study further validated the capability of ResistAid™ to influence a beneficial response from the immune system at a dose of 1.5 grams/day.

Natural Antioxidant Properties
Dietary antioxidants, including polyphenolic compounds, are regarded as effective nutrients in the prevention of health concerns related to oxidative stress. Phenolics or polyphenolics are responsible for most of the antioxidant capacity in fruits, vegetables and most botanical antioxidant supplements. It is recognized that polyphenolic flavonoids are able to scavenge different reactive oxygen radicals, such as hydroxyl and superoxide radicals. The polyphenolic flavonoids present in ResistAid™ include taxifolin and quercetin, which have been shown to display a wide range of biochemical properties, including antioxidant and chemoprotective effects.

Technical Properties of ResistAid™
ResistAid™ has a number of technical properties that make it easy to incorporate into dietary supplements and functional foods in standalone form or combined with other products to increase functionality.

High solubility in water. As ResistAid™ has a highly branched structure, it is freely soluble, dissolving completely in hot or cold water.

Stable to temperature and low pH value. ResistAid™ is stable at a wide range of temperatures and pH, which provides for use in various applications. In beverages, it keeps its functionality and neither degrades nor hydrolyzes.

ResistAid™ Production Process
ResistAid™ is produced by steam-heating larch chips to extract the phenolic and arabinogalactan compounds and evaporating the resulting extract. This water-based extraction method is unique as it does not require any harsh chemicals to release the compounds from the plant matrix. Therefore, the product remains pure and structurally unaltered after extraction.

ResistAid™ Safety at a Glance
• Self-affirmed GRAS with US FDA notification
• Approved by the US FDA as a direct food additive
• Allergen free
• No reported side effects, no adaptation period required

Lonza Inc., Allendale, NJ (USA)   •   Tel (800)365-8324  •    •    •

Published in WholeFoods Magazine, November 2014