USDA Releases Results of 2021 Hemp Acreage Survey

Washington, D.C.—USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) has released the results of the 2021 Hemp Acreage and Production Survey in its National Hemp Report, according to a USDA press release.

Hemp grown in the open totaled 54,152 acres. Area harvested totaled 33,480 acres. The value of that hemp production was $712 million. By value, the top utilization was floral, at $623 million.

Hemp grown under protection totaled 15.6m square feet. The value of that hemp production was $112 million. The top utilization here was floral as well, at $64.4 million.

Other findings: 82% of hemp producers are male, 90% are white, and 52% of respondents reported that farming is their primary occupation. The average age of respondents was 51. Over half of the respondents reported that they had operated a farm for 5 years or fewer.

“The release of this landmark report provides a needed benchmark about hemp production to assist producers, regulatory agencies, state governments, processors, and other key industry entities,” said NASS Administrator Hubert Hamer. “Not only will these data guide USDA agencies in their support of domestic hemp production, the results can also help inform producers’ decisions about growing, harvesting, and selling hemp as well as the type of hemp they decide to produce. The survey results may also impact policy decisions about the hemp industry.”

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Broken down by utilization, U.S. totals for hemp grown in the open in 2021:

  • Floral hemp production was estimated at 19.7 million pounds; utilized production totaled 15.7 million pounds. Area harvested for floral hemp was estimated at 15,980 acres. The average yield for floral hemp was estimated at 1,235 pounds per acre. The value of floral hemp totaled $623 million.
  • Hemp grown for grain totaled 4.37 million pounds; utilized production totaled 3.96 million pounds. Area harvested for hemp grown for grain was estimated at 8,255 acres. The average yield for hemp grown for grain was estimated at 530 pounds per acre. The value of hemp for grain totaled $5.99 million.
  • Hemp grown for fiber was estimated at 33.2 million pounds; utilized production totaled 27.6 million pounds. Area harvested for hemp grown for fiber was estimated at 12,690 acres. The average yield for hemp grown for fiber was estimated at 2,620 pounds per acre. The value of hemp grown for fiber totaled $41.4 million.
  • Production of hemp grown for seed was estimated at 1.86 million pounds; utilized production totaled 1.68 million pounds. Area harvested for hemp grown for seed was estimated at 3,515 acres. The average yield for hemp grown for seed was estimated at 530 pounds per acre. The value of hemp grown for seed totaled $41.5 million.

Again broken down by utilization, U.S. totals for hemp grown under protection in 2021:

  • Production of hemp for transplants and clones totaled 20.2 million plants; utilized production totaled 18.0 million plants. The value of hemp grown under protection for transplants and clones totaled $23.8 million.
  • Production of floral hemp was estimated at 310,421 pounds; utilized production totaled 256,124 pounds. The value of floral hemp totaled $64.4 million.
  • Hemp grown for seed totaled 4,059 pounds; utilized production totaled 3,121 pounds. The value of hemp grown for seed totaled $23.7 million.

The full report can be found here.